Wolf specialist Diane Boyd: ‘You have to make it work in the middle’ 

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Our National Parks Need Our Sacred Resource Protection Zone!

A lot of people talk about the important role federal and state lands play in protecting wolves.

But Diane Boyd, a wolf and carnivore specialist, said those public landscapes often are at high elevation and don’t harbor wintering populations of deer and elk.

In fact, the scientist said Wednesday that wolves need both private and public lands protected, and the private swaths are critically important.

“They hold the key, in addition to the federal lands, to maintaining grizzly bears, wolves, elk, deer, everything,” Boyd said.

Boyd made her remarks at the University of Montana W.A. Franke College of Forestry and Conservation at a seminar to honor the late Bob Ream. Ream, who died in March 2017, was a UM professor, state legislator, and chair of both the Fish and Wildlife Commission and the Montana Democratic Party.

To a standing-room-only audience in a large classroom in the forestry building, Dean Tom DeLuca said many people in attendance knew Ream as a faculty member and dean of the college.

“Bob was a very influential researcher and teacher here at Montana,” DeLuca said. “His work with wolves left a legacy that Diane is going to share with us today.”

In her talk, Boyd discussed her hope that conflicts among interest groups will decrease. She outlined the incredible trajectory of wolf recovery in Montana, and she shared her suspicion that human harvest is having an impact on the wolf population.

Ream was Boyd’s mentor starting in 1979, she said. She was a misanthrope who spent most of her time in the field with wolves, and some time sleeping on the couch upstairs.

“This is home for me,” she said of the forestry building.

She kicked off the seminar with a brief review, or “wolf ecology 101.” They’re social carnivores, obligated to hunt as a pack, “terrific” at dispersing, highly territorial, and “breed like rabbits if conditions are right.”

Most importantly, though, they’re highly adaptable, Boyd said. At one point, wolves had the largest distribution of any mammal on the planet with the exception of humans.

By the 1930s, though, wolves were mostly wiped out in North America, and the last of the loners was gone by maybe 1950, she said. Then, in 1973, the Endangered Species Act passed and granted them protection, and with it came Ream’s vision for the Wolf Ecology Project to track the animals’ recovery.

In 1979, Boyd said a lone female wolf trotted south from the Canadian border, and no one but Ream knew she had arrived. He and a couple of researchers captured her and put a radio collar on her, and the wolf, Keshnina, eventually mated and produced a litter of pups in 1982.

Wolf recolonization occurred in Northwest Montana through dispersal, and not through human reintroduction, Boyd said. In a short time, the population began to expand, and in 1986, researchers found the first den in the western United States in 50 years.

“We got the gold nugget,” said Boyd, with Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks.

The wolf recovery plan called for reintroduction in central Idaho and Yellowstone National Park. But Boyd said she and Ream opposed reintroduction, noting wolves were already dispersing well on their own.

“If wolves get there on their own, they’re better tolerated by local communities instead of the government shoving it down their throats,” she said.

Nonetheless, in 1995, 1996 and 1997, scientists introduced 31 wolves in Idaho and 35 in Yellowstone, she said: “It was successful beyond belief.”

The recovery goals were met in 2002, and wolves were delisted in 2011 in Montana, Idaho, Oregon, Washington and Utah.

At the end of 2016, Montana counted at least 477 wolves, compared to the 150 it had as a recovery goal, she said. The state counts 109 packs, and 50 breeding pairs compared to the recovery goal of 15. It counted 255 wolves harvested that year, and 57 livestock confirmed killed by wolves. It paid out $60,000 in livestock losses.

The growth, from one wolf in 1979 to 109 packs in 2016, is significant.

“We’re way above what is federally and statewide mandated, but the trend has been going down,” Boyd said.

 

Wolves need three things to survive, she said: wild ungulates; large, undeveloped landscapes and freedom from persecution.

“Truly, wolves would live anywhere that we would tolerate them,” Boyd said.

Since 2011, though, wolves have been hunted in Idaho and Montana, and Boyd said she believes it’s having an impact. She said an estimated 80 percent to 85 percent of wolf mortality is human-caused, some legally.

“I believe that the human harvest is significant enough it’s causing a slow and steady decline,” she said.

For one thing, killing alphas changes pack dynamics, she said.

Much information from the field is coming from hunters. A hunter that’s been in one area for 30 years might have observed one large pack in the past with 10 or 14 animals, but now may see three smaller packs instead, for example.

“Everywhere you go, you see wolf tracks, but they’re smaller packs,” she said.

To survive, she said, wolves need large, undeveloped land, and private landowners are key, as is a livestock reimbursement program. Generally, she said, she wants to see less conflict among interest groups.

“I don’t want to make bad guys out of anyone,” she said. “There is a middle ground, and there is a way to make it work.”

Source: Wolf specialist Diane Boyd: ‘You have to make it work in the middle’ | Local | missoulian.com

The ‘Most Famous Wolf in the World’ Lived Hard—and Died Tragically

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What will we tell our childrens children? If We fail to take action… The Only thing possible is we are sorry we failed to protect your resources and constitutional rights

People You can help to stop this! Will you? Help Us put them in Court Today! Park Wolves need our Park Wolves need our Proposed Sacred Resource Protection Zone!

The ‘Most Famous Wolf in the World’ Lived Hard—and Died Tragically

The alpha female dominated the wolves of Yellowstone. But outside the national park, she was vulnerable.

In 2012, “the most famous wolf in the world” was shot by a trophy hunter outside the sanctuary of Yellowstone National Park. She was known as ’06, and her death caused an international outcry comparable to the killing of Cecil the Lion in 2015. It also led to a new awareness of the plight of wolves and demands for greater protection, as Nate Blakeslee explains in his new book American Wolf. [Find out why wolves are so polarizing.]

Speaking from his home in Austin, Texas, Blakeslee explains how the reintroduction of wolves in Yellowstone sparked a renaissance of other species, from bald eagles to beavers; why the fight over wolves is part of a larger struggle about who should control public land; and why the hunter who killed ’06 feels no remorse.

’06 was the alpha female of one of the most visible packs in Yellowstone National Park. She first came to the wolf watchers’ attention in 2009, when she was a lone wolf. Wolves have to leave their natal packs to make their way in the world, find a mate, and establish a territory.

She had been wandering for quite some time when she was spotted in the area of the park known as the Lamar Valley, Yellowstone’s wolf-watching mecca. They spotted her mating with a number of different males, but never settling down. She drew their attention as a wolf that had a lot of moxie and was very adventurous.

It’s dangerous for wolves to wander like that, trying to find a territory. Most of them end up going back to their natal pack or being killed by rival packs. But she had a knack for avoiding trouble and was very socially adept and skilled at navigating territorial rivalries.

[See photos of wolves taken by a “carcass cam.”]

Source: The ‘Most Famous Wolf in the World’ Lived Hard—and Died Tragically

54 wolves altogether 31 from the Trophy Zones 3 of which are already over Quota

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Wyoming Over WOLF SLAUGHTER Quota in 3 Zones !

What will it take for the Government to Realize that Wyoming has once again proven they are incapable of managing The Public’s Federal Resources?

YELLOWSTONE WOLVES ARE DYING

At an Alarming Rate!!!!

AS OF 10/24/2017

Will Wolves still be available for your Grandchildren to view in Yellowstone? What will you be able to Tell Your Children’s Children?

We asked for your support back in May to Help Yellowstone Wolves with our Sacred Resource Protection Zone…  Wolves are dying, crying out for us to help them.

Consider Joining Our Voice to establish a Sacred Resource Protection Zone Surrounding National Parks in the Blood thirsty state of Wyoming, Idaho and Montana.

A total of it appears 54 wolves altogether 31 from the Trophy Zones 3 of which are already over Quota., 23 from the general Slaughter Zone in this Bloodthirsty State!
Please consider becoming a Paid Member so We are able to call these crooked states out in COURT. We have the Research, the tools, the Attorneys, only missing Ingredient is 57,000 plus followers.

Take Back the Power that You as the public hold!

Help us to put The Indian and Public Trusts to work Today, before they wipe out the rest of our wolves, grizzlies, wild horses. https://continuetogive.com/protectthewolves

Wyoming’s Senator Cheney violates U.S. Constitution? and Trusts that Protect Resources

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A Bit more proof that Wyoming has no business managing The Public’s Resources, when they target Yellowstone Wolves.

This ridiculous bill makes the empty Republican claim of ” Judicial Activism ” seem trite. Why is that one might wonder ? because ANY bill on ANY topic that puts up a block to judicial review is an egregious violation of Constitutional checks and balances.This is a vast overreach of legislation that is attempting to sandbox the judiciary, as well as a blatant Violation of the Trusts. These Elected Officials like Liz Cheney need to learn what protections The Public’s Resources have.

Join Us by becoming a paid Member Today before it is too late for Yellowstone’s Wolves!!

Shortly after this fall’s gray wolf season opened in Wyoming, a bill that would remove Endangered Species Act protections for gray wolves in Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan and Wyoming — and prohibit judicial review of the decision — jumped its first hurdle in the U.S. House.

The Gray Wolf State Management Act (H.R. 424), a bill introduced by U.S. Reps. Liz Cheney, R-Wyo., and Collin Peterson, D-Minn., passed the House Natural Resources Committee on Oct. 4.

“For far too long our court system has been abused by radical environmental groups filing frivolous lawsuits to prevent Wyoming from managing our gray wolf population,” Cheney said in a press release. In an email, Cheney said she was pleased that the bill made it through the committee.

In testimony in front of the full House Committee on Natural Resources on Oct. 4, Peterson said that, “Gray wolves should be managed by state plans which maintained more than adequate wolf population numbers.”

Gray wolves, reintroduced in Yellowstone National Park in 1995, were originally delisted by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in 2012. That decision was overturned and protections reinstated in 2014 by a U.S. District Court judge in Washington, D.C. However, this past April, an appellate court reversed that ruling, with Wyoming again winning the right to manage the population outside of Yellowstone National Park.

The state’s hunting season began Oct. 1.

As of Monday morning, 21 of the 44 gray wolves in the hunt management quota had been harvested. Areas 1, 4, 10 and 11 were closed while eight areas remained open for Wyoming’s scheduled three-month hunt.

The Gray Wolf State Management Act has the backing of Wyoming Gov. Matt Mead.

“The bill would give us predictability and protection against litigation,” said David Willms, a policy adviser for Mead.

“I look forward to the day the state can work without the cloud of potential litigation hanging over our heads,” he said.

There currently are no lawsuits pending and Willms thinks they’re unlikely during the 2017 wolf hunt. The legislation, if passed, would protect the states from further litigation, but not from listing wolves as an endangered species, Willms said.

Wisconsin Republican congressman Sean Duffy, a co-sponsor of the bill, has had enough of the judicial system.

“Judicial activism has caused a multitude of problems in our nation, and a Washington judge claiming to know what’s best for Wisconsin’s ecosystem is another egregious example. In Wisconsin, we cherish our wildlife and work diligently to conserve our natural resources, but the Endangered Species Act has allowed courts to misuse judicial oversight to stop science-based wildlife management from moving forward,” Duffy said in a news release earlier this year.

However, Derek Goldman, field representative for the Endangered Species Coalition, sees this bill — as well as more than 100 other pieces of legislation and riders by the 115th Congress — as an attempted end-run around the ESA.

“This is one of many efforts in Congress to undermine the Endangered Species Act,” Goldman said.

Goldman points to successes due to the ESA, including the reintroduction of black-footed ferrets in Wyoming.

The Gray Wolf State Management Act will most likely move to the House floor as part of a legislative package to promote sportsmen’s activities on federal lands, Cheney said. Her goal is to provide Wyoming farmers and ranchers with the ability to protect their own livestock and livelihood, she said.

The bipartisan bill, including Democrats from Wisconsin and Minnesota, is popular with members of Congress from all four states. It’s co-sponsored by Richard Nolan, D-Minn., Tom Emmer, R-Minn., Raul Labrador, R-Idaho, Jim Sensenbrenner, R-Wis., Mike Simpson, R-Idaho, Bill Huizenga, R-Mich., Mike Gallagher, R-Wis., Ron Kind, D-Wis., John Moolenaar, R-Mich., Tim Walberg, R-Mich., Glenn Grothman, R-Wis., and Jack Bergman, R-Mich.

In June, U.S. Sen. John Barrasso, R-Wyo., co-sponsored a similar bill with Sen. Ben Cardin, D-Md., in the Senate called the HELP for Wildlife Act. HELP is an acronym for Hunting Heritage and Environmental Legacy Preservation.

The bill — which includes measures to support fishing and target shooting — includes two riders that would ensure that gray wolves will not receive protections under the ESA in Wyoming or the Great Lakes region. One section would override the 2014 district court decision and removes existing Endangered Species Act protections for gray wolves in Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin.

Another section would codify April’s recent D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals decision that stripped ESA protections for wolves in Wyoming. The plaintiffs in the Wyoming case did not appeal the court’s decision.

 

Source: Bill to block challenges to wolf delisting advances

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