Canyons Law Needs Your Help not for Wildlife Alone but Your Kids and Pets and Rescuers

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A Pocatello family is back after their legislative trip to Washington D.C. The family’s dog died after exposure to a cyanide bomb just 300 yards behind their house. It’s been four months since the Mansfield family lost their dog Kasey, and could have lost their son Canyon as well. A usual hike up the mountain turned deadly when the 14-year-old boy triggered an M-44 “Cyanide Bomb” behind their house placed there by the USDA. A week ago the family took a trip to D.C. to get lawmakers to join them in banning compound 1080 and chemicals used in M-44’s also known as cyanide bombs.

The Mansfields are back, Mark Mansfield, Canyon’s Father says, “We’ve learned a little bit about passing a bill. It’s hard. You know it’s a lot of work, a lot of footwork, [and] a lot of talking.”

After a near death experience, Canyon and his family took action. They went to the nation’s capital to help introduce a new bill which could become, “Canyon’s Law.”14-year-old Canyon Mansfield says, “The bill, I believe, is going to be passed, and we just got to believe in it. But if it doesn’t, [we have to] just try and raise awareness of these dangerous devices. I don’t want any other boy having to go up there and experience that.”

Over the course of three long days, the Mansfields met with leaders in the house and senate. It included lawmakers from both sides of the aisle. Some who admit they didn’t know cyanide bombs existed. “We had to also teach them that this organization is just completely strange,” Canyon adds, “It’s like a dark branch of government that nobody really follows and overlooks to see if they’re doing the right thing or not.”

With the help of an Oregon’s Democratic Congressman Peter DeFazio, the law is written to ban the use of lethal devices and poisons. Ones like Compound 1080 and chemicals used in M-44’s also known as cyanide bombs. Mark says, “In the House of Representatives it takes several hundred votes to get anything moving. So he’s [Peter DeFazio] gonna have to partner with Idaho Republicans and other Republicans to get it passed, because they all agree this is ridiculous.”

The Mansfields say this is a non-partisan issue, being red or blue doesn’t matter, something needs to change. On the verge of tears Mark says, “Do we need to drag in a dead body to make this bill pass? Because that’s what’s gonna happen. Sooner or later someone’s gonna die. My kid almost died, and I don’t want anyone to die.”

Confirmed wolf depredation by Sherman Wolf Pack

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The Stories that Donny Martorello and Joel Kretz would have you believe are they dont turn out until June… and 5 Range Riders…. wow… Funny Arron Scotten never mentioned 5… also Joel Kretz claimed originally it was on Private Land…. So to a prudent individual would appear Joel Kretz Blatantly lied to stir the Pot…. He needs to be removes from Office!! Turns out wasn’t Private ground after all huh Joel…. Get your story straight… oh wait you could have simply told the Truth Joel Kretz!

WDFW officials have confirmed that one or more wolves were responsible for the death of a calf whose carcass was discovered on June 12 in a grazing allotment of Ferry County. Investigators also found scattered skeletal remains of a second calf, but they could not determine the cause of its death. The report was made by a WDFW contract range rider who found a recently deceased calf and partial remains of a second calf while patrolling an area that had a cluster of GPS points from a collared wolf from the Sherman Pack.

After finding and reporting the carcass and remains to WDFW, the range rider Arron Scotten remained on the scene to prevent scavenging by wildlife. Shortly after sunrise on Tuesday, June 13, two WDFW officials arrived on the scene. The Department officials who conducted the investigation indicated that the first event was an intact calf carcass with injuries to the groin, inside areas of both the hindquarters and hamstrings. The injuries consisted of bite lacerations and puncture wounds with hemorrhaging associated with those bite wounds. The injuries to calf were consistent with a wolf depredation.

The GPS points from the Sherman Pack collared wolf showed that the wolf had been at the location several times between June 3-11. Data from another collared wolf from the Profanity Peak Pack showed the animal was in the area sporadically from June 5- 7. Based on all available factors, the event was classified as a confirmed wolf depredation by one or more members of the Sherman Pack.

The depredation occurred on BLM grazing lands. It is the first confirmed depredation involving the Sherman Pack. The second calf’s remains were discovered 150 yards downhill from the first calf carcass. Because the scene consisted of only skeletal remains, scattered over a 40-yard area, WDFW classified the event as an Unknown Cause of Death. The livestock producer grazes both private and public lands in the area. The producer’s calves were born outside of occupied wolf range and were trucked into the area for the summer grazing season.

The producer turned the cattle out onto private land on May 24. The producer uses five WDFW contract range riders to increase the level of human presence around the cattle throughout their grazing allotments. The range riders started patrolling the area on May 9, before the cattle were turned out to check for carnivore activity and to proactively increase regular human presence. They have continued to patrol the area with cattle on a near-daily basis, and communicate frequently with the producer. Any changes in cattle behavior or carnivore activity has been shared with WDFW.

The range riders also monitor the activity of GPS collared wolves in the area. There are no known wolf dens or rendezvous sites in the area. Following the depredation investigation, the calf carcass from the confirmed wolf depredation was removed from where high cattle activity is expected. The range riders will continue to patrol the area and surrounding areas.

Wolf captured in Skagit County and collared

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5 range riders they say for this 1 Rancher?

Update on Washington wolves Latest reports on key wolf activities.

Conservation efforts, and management actions. June 16, 2017 Wolf captured in Skagit County; confirmed wolf depredation by Sherman Wolf Pack Wolf captured and collared in Skagit County On June 8, state and federal wildlife biologists captured an adult male gray wolf in eastern Skagit County. They took genetic samples from the animal and fitted it with a GPS tracking collar before releasing it onsite. This is the first gray wolf captured and collared in western Washington in modern times.

The animal was captured by the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW), with support from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS), during an investigation of wolf activity in eastern Skagit County. Under federal law, USFWS has primary management responsibility in areas of the state – including western Washington – where wolves are listed as endangered under the Endangered Species Act.

On May 17, USFWS received a report from a resident of eastern Skagit County that one or more wolves had preyed on his chickens early that morning. He sent photos of two suspected wolves to a federal wolf biologist, noting that he had heard howling and observed tracks in the area during the winter. At USFWS’s request, WDFW dispatched an area wildlife conflict specialist to investigate the situation later that day. The conflict specialist talked to the landowner, examined the scene of the incident, and concluded it was a probable depredation by one or more wolves.

On May 18, wolf biologists from USFWS and WDFW arrived at the property to deploy traps and trail cameras. While there, they saw what appeared to be a wolf in the distance. Three weeks later, they captured an adult male wolf in a trap. Samples were taken from the animal and sent to the USFWS Forensic Laboratory in Ashland, Ore. Wildlife managers are monitoring GPS signals from the collared animal to track its movements. That animal is the strongest indication of wolves moving into the western region since 2015, when a female wolf was found dead – struck by a vehicle – on Interstate 90 near Snoqualmie Pass. The discovery of wolves west of the Cascade Range is significant for state and federal management of the species.

The state’s wolf recovery plan establishes a goal of maintaining 15 successful breeding pairs for at least three years before the species can be removed from the state’s endangered species list. At least four breeding pairs must be in eastern Washington, four in the Northern Cascades, four in the Southern Cascades and Northwest Coast, and three anywhere in the state. Last year there were eight breeding pairs in the eastern region and two in the Northern Cascades and none in the Southern Cascades. Additional breeding pairs west of the Cascade Range will help bring the state closer to its recovery goal.

Wolves, as readers of fairy tales know, have enduring reputations as big, bad predators.

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Wolves, as readers of fairy tales know, have enduring reputations as big, bad predators. But a growing body of evidence shows that wolf diets can be diverse and extend beyond the big animals that they hunt down.

In Alaska in particular, the studies say, many wolves dine on a daintier dish — salmon.

Two recent studies focusing on coastal areas of Southwest Alaska fill in details about those food choices, quantifying the proportion of salmon in wolf diets in different locations and times of the year.

One study, newly published in the Canadian Journal of Zoology, studied wolves in Lake Clark National Park over four years — 22 wolves from nine social groups roaming the park. Researchers examined the chemistry of hair and blood samples, which revealed the chemical fingerprint of food eaten by the animals.

Of the test subjects, five had summer diets that were at least half salmon. The others ate mostly food from land in that season.

Use of salmon varied widely between individuals and groups and between seasons and years, and there was a lot of evidence of diet switching as seasons changed and years progressed, the study said. Estimated proportions of salmon in individual wolves’ diets ranged from 1 percent to 89 percent in different seasons and locations.

The important message is that salmon filled out a diet that might otherwise be unreliable, said Jeff Welker, a biology professor at the University of Alaska Anchorage and co-author of the Lake Clark study.

“Salmon provide a way for wolves to buffer themselves with herbivore populations that tend to go up and down,” said Welker, who works at the stable isotope laboratory where the chemical analysis was performed. “Being able to use both these resources as is provided is a pretty good strategy”

Another recent study, which also used isotope analysis of hair samples taken from wolves, found that marine resources accounted for 28 percent to 56 percent of Southwest Alaska wolves’ diets. That study, led by U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service biologist Dominique Watts, was published online last year in the Journal of Mammalogy. It analyzed chemical profiles found in samples of hair taken from wolves from 2006 to 2013.

Marine resources eaten by wolves included salmon but also marine mammals, either hunted directly or beached carcasses that are scavenged, Watts said. In the past, he documented wolves’ habit of eating marine-mammal meat and even watched wolves hunt sea otters and seals. Though most of the wolf diet consists of ungulates — caribou and moose in Southwest Alaska — the marine foods are important supplements, he said.

Just as the level of salmon use varies among individual wolves, so do their salmon-eating methods.

In his thousands of hours observing wolves, Watts has seen them fish salmon out of the water bear-style and carrying their catches in their mouths.

“Generally, what I saw is they were running down into the stream and chasing live salmon, just like bears,” he said. He has also seen them carrying salmon carcasses to dens for pups.

Wolves sometimes scavenge on dead salmon, and they appear at times to be able to eat dead fish that are preserved over the winter beneath ice, Welker said.

The knowledge that wolves eat salmon is not new. The fishy diet of wolves in salmon-rich Southeast Alaska and in British Columbia has long been recognized, for example.

Coastal wolves’ use of marine foods, including salmon, shows up in other chemical analyses. A 2014 study by University of Alaska Fairbanks scientists documents much higher mercury levels in the livers, kidneys and muscles of coastal Alaska wolves than in their Interior Alaska counterparts, indicating intake of marine foods.

But salmon can be an important food for wolves even far from the coast.

A landmark study published in 2010 showed how wolves in the northwestern portion of Denali National Park subsist on chum and silver salmon. In that part of the park, the usual wolf prey — moose and caribou — are scarce, but the study found that wolves thrived there nonetheless, successfully filling out their diet by pulling fish from the spawning-area waters.

Those findings show how ecosystems fit together even over vast distances, said U.S. Geological Survey biologist Layne Adams, the lead author.

“Wolf-prey relationships in Denali in part depend on or are affected by things that are going on in the Bering Sea,” he said. “Everything is kind of connected, when you think about it.”

The fish-eating behavior extends to wolves beyond Alaska and British Columbia. In Yellowstone National Park, wolves are known to feast on trout. In Japan, isotope analysis has revealed that an extinct species of wolf, the Ezo wolf of Hokkaido, ate salmon and marine mammals.

Sometimes wolves fill out their diet with non-meat sources. They have been known to eat berries, which can be an easily acquired summer food when crops are abundant but ungulate prey numbers low.

Source: Big, bad predator image aside, wolves are happy to grab a salmon out of a stream – Alaska Dispatch News

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